Is love a disease? E. Pushkarev
Google Translate Automated Translation - Original Text
K. A. Menninger
Love addiction is a type of additive behavior with fixation on one person, perceived as passionate love. This behavioral disorder leads to the impossibility of starting a family or destroys the family, to conflicts, crimes, suicide, psychosomatic and neurotic disorders. Patients with this disorder rarely seek psychological and medical help due to the low publicity of this disorder. Therefore, it is very important for the prevention of love addiction to inform the population about this disease and the differences between normal love and love addiction.
Candidate of Medical Sciences, Associate Professor of the Department of Psychiatry S. I. Voroshilin
Love is a theme with which, perhaps, the largest number of myths and delusions are connected, and one of them is “love is a disease”. And recently, the popularity of this delusion is growing: there are many articles on the Internet that simply impose this idea: "... scientists have proven that love is a disease." There is already a popular series in which the doctor profoundly and repeatedly repeats: "Love is a disease." In another film, Kiss Not for the Press, it is already quite blunt: “Love is a coma. The family is kept by something else".
Moreover, this delusion is imposed not only by fiction, but also by serious professionals, so V.A. Medvedev is the dean of the faculty of depth psychology, the vice-rector explains in detail "Love as a psychopathological state" , books by foreign authors: "Is love a disease?" Lauren Oliver, "Love Sick: Love as a Mental Illness" by Frank Tallis.
“Love is addiction, and not in a figurative, but in the literal sense of the word. … And worst of all, love is just chemicals that stimulate the activity of certain neural circuits and are intended not to elevate a person to a higher spiritual level, but to make reproduction attractive and turn us into raw materials for evolution. It's all so primitive". L. Young, B. Alexander “The Chemistry of Love. A scientific view of love, sex and attraction". The book is in our library "Love, family, sex and about ..."
Our Club is regularly approached with such a question. And since The Psychology of Love this is the main topic of our site to whom, else but we can tell that love is an exclusively and only positive feeling . This can be understood already from the definitions themselves:
“Love is a fruitful form of relationship to others and to oneself. It implies care, responsibility, respect and knowledge, as well as the desire for the other person to grow and develop. This is a manifestation of closeness between two human beings, provided that the integrity of each of them is preserved".
“Love is a stable, harmonizing, psychostimulating, meaning-forming state (relationship and feelings) of exclusive acceptance, which has gone through the stages of inception and development, based on unchanged psychological functions throughout life (for example, the basis of K. Jung), and their better compatibility in partners, and therefore becomes stronger and more beneficial over the years".
Psychologist E. Belyakova "Love is not for the adult infant"
An adult infant is one of the forms of low level of psychological health.
But around love there is a big set of pseudo-love states and real disorders:
The resolution of the "love illness" issue has ancient historical roots, Ovid wrote his work " two thousand years ago Love cure ".
In love, it is easier to achieve an end than moderation.
In the XI century. the famous Avicenna - Abu Ali Ibn Sina recognized "too strong love" as a disease. In the "Canon of Medicine", he listed the main painful symptoms: sunken eyes, continuously moving eyelids, shortness of breath, insomnia, growing thinness, uneven pulse, erratic behavior, frequent laughter, as if at this time a person sees something pleasant or hears joyful news. Love, Avicenna believed, is akin to glamor, madness and melancholy. All thoughts of a person are focused on admiration for the image of a loved one; sometimes it could be accompanied by lust. Treatment for love was carried out through sexual intercourse with concubines, if the social status of the bride did not provide the most obvious opportunity for healing - the marriage of young people; gossip of old women, distorting the perception of the beloved's appearance, made it possible to switch the lover's attention to another object; bloodletting; laxatives.
The story has become a legend when no doctor could cure an almost lifeless prince, because no one found the cause of his illness. Ibn Sina guessed that the disease was caused by his timid and voiceless love. Since the prince was hiding the name of his beloved, Ibn Sina ordered to say aloud first the names of the streets of the city, then the women's names, and he himself counted the guy's pulse, by the frequency of which he was able to determine both the street where the girl lived and her name. He insisted that the prince's parents marry their beloved, and brought the young man back to life.
Marsilio Ficino (XV century) devoted a lot of attention in his writings to the consideration of love. He also talked about "disastrous love", which leads a person to madness. He associated its inception with the heart, due to the malfunctioning of which, various parts of the body began to suffer. He suggested treating its effects with hard work, bloodletting, bodily exercise, as well as intimate relationships and the use of wine. Obviously, he believed it was better to die of alcoholism than of unhappy love.
In his works, Francis Bacon (XVI century) explained that sensual love bewitches a person, generates fictions and temptations, especially in the presence of an object of love. Very often she brings a lot of misfortune. Bacon gives examples of the fact that most of the powerful of this world were not carried away by love to the point of madness, since passions are characteristic of weak people. In this conclusion, the thinker reminds everyone of the necessary vigilance for salvation from sensual love. The passion that captures a person goes against the nature and true value of things, which is manifested in the unrealistic assessments given by people to their chosen ones.
It's a shame that this point of view is shared by the masters of the Russian:
- Psychology and Psychiatry Doctor of Medical Sciences, Doctor of Psychology V. Levy "Traumatology of Love": "A disease called love, too, I know from myself ...".
- Philosophy Doctor of Philosophy A.A. Ivin "Apocalypse of love: a philosophical essay on the diversity of love": "In most cases, true love is like a serious illness, but a disease, without which a person's existence becomes defective and incomplete." There are books in our library "Love, family, sex and about ..."
Because “... the heart of a psychiatrist is almost daily constricted from pain at the sight of excruciating delusions and suffering generated by this myth (about great and pure love). Millions of people spend a lot of energy desperately and hopelessly trying to reconcile the reality of their lives with the unreality of myth".
Morgan Scott Peck "The Myth of Romantic Love"
Numerous studies have been carried out using the latest biochemical methods and equipment: magnetic resonance imaging and many new things have been learned about the entire spectrum of amorous - erotic instincts.
Take the Helen Fisher test to select the best partner hormonal compatibility.
It was revealed that the mental pain experienced by a person experiencing certain types and stages of amorous attraction (as it turned out later, had nothing to do with love) is really pain of the nerves, the so-called "adrenaline melancholy": into the blood of a person under the influence negative stress is emitted sharply increased portions of adrenaline. Hence the oppressive, completely physical heaviness, from which it "hurts the soul", "tears the heart". Each cell of the body "groans" and "complains", the body pulls to the ground. Prolonged exposure to this condition leads to depression, physical and mental health disorders, illness and suicide.
Based on this pattern, in Russia in 2018 there were 1320 (total 22000) suicides, 3.6 per day.
A sufficient number of signs have been identified to distinguish love from a variety of loves and, which is especially important from psychological and mental disorders - love addictions.
A large collection of articles and books about love addiction, which our culture often calls "addictive love" "over-selective love" , "Neurotic love", "too much love", "more than love", "compulsive love", "toxic love", etc. and people suffering from these disorders.
Once again, love addictions - a painful type of amorous-sexual drives not only have nothing to do with love, but are attributed to both psychological and mental disorders - love addictions according to the International Classifier of Diseases (ICD-10) included in section F63 ... "Habit and impulse disorders" is a classification of non-chemical forms of addictive behavior.
Now it is already possible not only to determine the very fact of "love addiction",
but also various signs of people predisposed to them even before its onset.
It should be emphasized that love and love addiction are not just different mental phenomena, but also states located on opposite sides of the barricade health / illness, although in some external signs they are somewhat similar.
You can make apple juice from apples, or you can make mash, which is then distilled into moonshine and stupefied from it to delirium tremens. So "true love" refers to "crazy, crazy, cursed love, etc." just like apple juice refers to apple moonshine, despite the fact that the original product is one.
A gentle sea surf, on which it is pleasant to sway on an inflatable mattress, but it happens that it is replaced by a wild, deadly destructive tsunami, sweeping away everything in its path. As a result, thousands of victims - remember Fukushima. Love addiction ruins the lives of many more people than the tsunami.
It never occurs to anyone to combine these different natural products and phenomena with one term and concept, but in spiritual, amorous relationships for some reason this confusion is considered common. Amorous intersexual attraction is a platform on which several psychophysiological phenomena are located that are not in any way related to each other, but play an important role in human life.
Love addiction has been studied well enough and it is possible to predict with a high degree of probability that happiness for Xenia will not come, even if she marries her lover. And the no less traumatic next stage of love mania will begin.
Ksenia, like most of our culture, stubbornly confuses an exclusively positive, constructive phenomenon - intersexual, individual love with a painful disorder.
D.filos.n. V.M. Rozin. "Sigmund Freud's concept of sexuality"
Stefan Zweig spoke about the severe form of mania in the novel "Amok". He described the fate of a doctor from the colony, who, under the influence of love passion, lost the ability to control his actions. Talking about his sensual fever, about his passion for a lady, for whom he was not a man, a man, but a pariah (outcast, powerless), a thing, he compares his state with a special kind of intoxication among the Malays. Amok is a senseless, bloodthirsty monomania. Passion in her is combined with madness.
Anthropologist S. Clemin "Love vs pseudo-love, or about love addiction"
"... sexual love during the last 8 centuries has become an obligatory axis around which all poetry revolves."
His contemporary philosopher M.O. Menshikov "Literature played a huge role in the cult of love" : "Acting for centuries on the unstable brains of average people, a love story corrupts the sexual feeling more than any other influence."
After Engels, this poetic rotation only accelerated: , describes romantic love as a psychological complex, a combination of beliefs, ideals, attitudes and expectations: this love - not to love someone, but to be in love "- ( falling in love has nothing to do with love ) ;
“Love has already been turned into a religion. Human love is so clouded by the excessive suffering and experiences of romanticism that we are deprived of the opportunity to treat it the way it deserves".
Our culture, far from perfect, continues to promote the "tyranny of love and sex" (Y. Evola) even on the state TV channel in the program "More than Love", not to mention commercial television, which is based on the exploitation of this pathology. But the most annoying thing is that the planting of amorous deviations takes place at school.
In terms of sexual individual love, we can only envy the ancient Greeks because they had a confusion of love with a painful pseudo-love disorder was impossible, since it was designated by the term " mania ". And for other amorous - erotic attractions, including love - filia , there were still enough terms, except seven famous: agape, storge, pragma, mania , ludus , eros , philia there were others: eunoia (giving), potos (lust), haris (gratitude and respect). And if we take and translate the modern concept of "love" overloaded with meanings, ambivalence and antinomies into ancient Greek terms, meanings and concepts, we will get rid of confusion and confusion with this phenomenon. Let's simplify and improve the quality of our life.
"It turns out that America is the only country in the world where love is a national issue. It seems that a huge number of Americans of both sexes are in a state of confusion about love" Raul de Roussy de Seims.
Not the only respected Raul de Roussy de Seims, because according to the 2012 UN demographic yearbook, Russia ranks first in the number of divorces, and America only sixth. It is a pity, of course, that the officials responsible for our culture do not care about this.
E Pushkarev Chairman of the Internet Club "ENLIGHTED LOVE"
Scott Dowling "Psychology and Treatment of Addictive Behavior"
Valentina Moskalenko “When there is too much love. Prevention of love addiction "
Boris Didenko "Predatory Love"
Susan Israelson, Elizabeth McAvoy "Marilyn Monroe Syndrome"
Roman M. Koidl "Scoundrels: why women choose the wrong men"
Philip van Manching, Bernie Katz "Parents are to blame for everything, or why your love relationship is not working out"
Robin Norwood "Should You Be a Slave to Love?"
Robin Norwood "Women Who Love Too Much"
Stanton Peel, Archie Brodsky. "Love and Addiction"
Gennady Starshenbaum "Addictology: Psychology and Psychotherapy of Addictions"
Stephen Hassen "Freeing From Psychological Abuse"
Irwin Yalom "Treatment for Love and Other Psychotherapeutic Novels"